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There are numerous examples of changes in local control which followed forfeiture imposed as punishment for various transgressions.
In many cases, the same individual lord was granted numerous different lordships.
Another result of the decentralised nature of land grants was the slow emergence of territorial epithets attached to titles.
Aubrey de Vere held land in Essex (where 14 estates had been granted to his grandfather by King William I), Suffolk (9 estates) and Cambridgeshire (7 estates), but only the last named county was available for an earldom in the early 1140s.