Dating methodologies in archaeology
Chronometric dating techniques produce a specific chronological date or date range for some event in the past. Relative dating techniques, on the other hand, provide only the relative order in which events took place.
For example, the results of dendrochronology (tree-ring) analysis may tell us that a particular roof beam was from a tree chopped down in A. For example, the stratum, or layer, in which an artifact is found in an ancient structure may make it clear that the artifact was deposited sometime after people stopped living in the structure but before the roof collapsed.
Pitted tooth enamel is an indicator or starvation and malnutrition.
The easiest way to determine sex is by examining the pelvic bones.
No wonder, then, that so much effort has been devoted to developing increasingly sophisticated and precise methods for determining when events happened in the past.
In archaeology, dating techniques fall into two broad categories: chronometric (sometimes called “absolute”) and relative.
Archaeologists often dig a series of trial trenches to figure out the best places to excavate.
Photographs are taken of each phase of the work for future reference.
Ancient people rarely threw out what was valuable to them.Females have large round openings, large enough to accommodate the head of a baby. Archaeologists crawl, kneel and laboriously brush away dirt with a brush from objects they unearth.