Consolidating companies with different year ends
[IFRS ] A parent must not only have power over an investee and exposure or rights to variable returns from its involvement with the investee, a parent must also have the ability to use its power over the investee to affect its returns from its involvement with the investee. When assessing whether an investor controls an investee an investor with decision-making rights determines whether it acts as principal or as an agent of other parties.A number of factors are considered in making this assessment.[IFRS 10: B88] The parent and subsidiaries are required to have the same reporting dates, or consolidation based on additional financial information prepared by subsidiary, unless impracticable.Where impracticable, the most recent financial statements of the subsidiary are used, adjusted for the effects of significant transactions or events between the reporting dates of the subsidiary and consolidated financial statements.Control requires exposure or rights to variable returns and the ability to affect those returns through power over an investee.IFRS 10 was issued in May 2011 and applies to annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2013.An investor determines whether it is a parent by assessing whether it controls one or more investees.An investor considers all relevant facts and circumstances when assessing whether it controls an investee. An investor that holds only protective rights cannot have power over an investee and so cannot control an investee [IFRS , IFRS ].
IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements outlines the requirements for the preparation and presentation of consolidated financial statements, requiring entities to consolidate entities it controls.
[Note: The investment entity consolidation exemption was introduced by Investment Entities, issued on 31 October 2012 and effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014.] IFRS 10 contains special accounting requirements for investment entities.
Where an entity meets the definition of an 'investment entity' (see above), it does not consolidate its subsidiaries, or apply IFRS 3 Business Combinations when it obtains control of another entity.
When the proportion of the equity held by non-controlling interests changes, the carrying amounts of the controlling and non-controlling interests area adjusted to reflect the changes in their relative interests in the subsidiary.
Any difference between the amount by which the non-controlling interests are adjusted and the fair value of the consideration paid or received is recognised directly in equity and attributed to the owners of the parent.[IFRS , IFRS 10: B96] If a parent loses control of a subsidiary, the parent [IFRS ]: If a parent loses control of a subsidiary that does not contain a business in a transaction with an associate or a joint venture gains or losses resulting from those transactions are recognised in the parent's profit or loss only to the extent of the unrelated investors' interests in that associate or joint venture.* * Added by amendments, effective 1 January 2016, however, the effective date of the amendment was later deferred indefinitely.The proportion allocated to the parent and non-controlling interests are determined on the basis of present ownership interests.